Monday, December 28, 2015

Obama's Plan To Defeat ISIS



1. A global war on climate change.

2. Suspend the 1st Amendment - Prosecute anyone that might hurt the feelings of Muslims. Provide safe zones in the United States for any Muslims who have been offended. Comfort puppies and counselors will be provided at taxpayer expense.

3. Gun control - Aimed at the real threat to world peace. Bitter American's who cling to their guns, religion and history.

Sunday, December 27, 2015

Who We Are

  In 1989 I was driving down the Old Nashville Highway when I first heard Rush Limbaugh on 1510 WLAC AM. By the time I was in front of the cemetery at Stones River National battlefield I was laughing and cheering like a crazy person. Finally, I thought. There is someone on the radio that really gets it. By the 1980's I already knew, before Rush came along, that the news media, Hollywood and academia were biased toward the left. This is why I had such an emotional reaction to Rush Limbaugh. In the 1980's there was no FOX News. It would not come on the air until October 7th 1996. Before Rush there were a few so-called conservatives on talk radio. I could agree with them fifty to sixty percent of the time. One of my favorite local talk show hosts was Teddy Bart because he would at least allow some pretty good conservatives on his show like Crom Carmichael. The brilliance of Rush is that he has the ability to say, more eloquently than most of us, what we are already thinking. Reagan had that ability. Rush did challenge me to think about such issues as the radical environmentalist movement and the animal rights movement which I had never given much thought to before he came on the air. He is a polarizing figure but people who tell the truth usually are. The truth is a two edged sword. Please, I am not comparing him to Jesus. Rush is human and a flawed individual, but Jesus said in Matthew 10:34 - Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. That sword is the truth. God did not come to earth to have us compromise with the truth. The Founding Fathers set up a form of government that was intended to have checks and balances. Compromise is okay on technicalities but you never compromise on principle. The one moral issue that they compromised on would eventually lead to the Civil War which was the issue of slavery. If today it means shutting down the government or whatever we have to do to begin trimming the deficit, end funding of Planned Parenthood, or stop thousands of Syrian refugees and illegal immigrants from entering this country we should do it. People may not not like Congress for it but I believe if properly explained the people would rally around the Republicans in the long run. The Republicans shut discretionary spending down in 2010 and 2014. In 2010 they won back the House of Representatives and in 2014 they won back the Senate. Why they are afraid to make a stand is beyond logic. My wife agrees with Rush Limbaugh most of the time but she hates his style. This is because like many people out there, she does not understand his humor. I will be laughing hilariously at something he says and it goes right over her head. Bless her heart. I listen to a variety of Conservative talk show hosts but my favorite by far is still Rush Limbaugh. Mark Levine is a close second. I like them because they are so smart. Rush came from a long line of lawyers but he is self educated for the most part and only has a few hours of college. All conservative talk show hosts owe their existence to Rush Limbaugh because he paved the way for them. I am convinced that talk show listeners are among the smartest and most well informed Americans. The value of talk radio is that the media will report a news story by either telling an outright lie or partial truths. Or they will ignore the real news story altogether. Talk radio will ultimately sort it all out. As in the case of the fight against the Tennessee state income tax in 1999 and 2000 it can spur the citizen to action or to call or write their political representatives.


  The other day Rush was talking about how the Kennedy assassination gave birth to the radical left of today. I have been saying this very thing at least from the 1980's and beginning in the late 1990's I wrote a book that was about this very subject but I have never published it. My contention is that the death of Kennedy was the catalyst to the rise of the radical left. Very few people seem to connect the dots on this. The radical left always existed on the fringe of the party. Franklin Roosevelt's Vice President, Henry Wallace, who served from January 1941 until January 1945 was a radical leftist. Fortunately Roosevelt died in April 1945 after Harry Truman had replaced Wallace. Kennedy realized that the Vietnamese were going to have to shoulder the brunt of the fighting before he died. It has been hotly debated whether or not Kennedy would pursue the same course in Vietnam that Johnson did. But there is evidence that Kennedy intended to withdraw American troops from Vietnam after his reelection in 1964. The escalation of the war and Johnson's mishandling of it opened the door for the radical left. The left would eventually dominate the Democratic Party, Hollywood, academia and the media to the point that they were eventually able to elect the most radical president in American history, Barack Hussein Obama. A Nixon win in 1960 or a Goldwater win in 1964 would have left America in a much better shape than having a Johnson presidency. Rush goes even farther to say the left could not come to grips with the fact that Kennedy was killed by a leftist. They could never accept that one of their own killed Kennedy.The left has tried for many years to pin the blame on the right. Even a spokesman for the Soviet Union  tried to blame "Barry Goldwater and other extremists on the right.” Jackie Kennedy had no delusions about who was to blame when she said "He didn’t even have the satisfaction of being killed for civil rights. It’s — it had to be some silly little Communist."  Judge Sarah T. Hughes, who swore in Lyndon Johnson said the following about Dallas. Oswald was an avowed Marxist, which might seem to absolve the city’s right wing of any responsibility. But “Dallas 1963” places the assassin in context as a malleable, unstable figure breathing the city’s extraordinarily feverish air. It could have happened anywhere, but Dallas, I’m sorry to say, has been conditioned by many people who have hate in their hearts and who seem to want to destroy.” 
Lee Harvey Oswald

Jackie in mourning

  This is the attitude that I hate about the left. The people of Dallas and the conservatives did not kill Kennedy. Lee Harvey Oswald, the Castro loving Marxist killed Kennedy. I remember the night that Robert Kennedy was shot when I was working second shift at Baird-Ward Printing company. On the way home from work the disc jockey on the popular rock station of the time, WMAK, kept saying over and over that we were a sick and violent nation. Even then I resented being lumped in with a nut like Sirhan Sirhan. This was the same attitude that was expressed after the bombing of Oklahoma City when Bill Clinton tried to blame conservative talk radio for instigating Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols. The media would try the blame game again when Arizona congressman Gabbie Gifford and 18 other people were shot by Jared Lee Loughner a paranoid schizophrenic. There is no evidence that he even listened to talk radio. I agree with Ronald Reagan when he said "We must reject the idea that every time a law's broken, society is guilty rather than the lawbreaker. It is time to restore the American precept that each individual is accountable for his actions".

  In addition to the fact that a Marxist killed Kennedy we can speculate legitimately that there might have even been a Mafia connection to Kennedy's death. Just before the 1960 election Joseph Kennedy used Frank Sinatra to solicit support from the head of the Chicago Mafia, Sam Giancana, to win the primary state of West Virginia and in the general election the state of Illinois. It has also been stated in such books as (The Dark Side Of Camelot), Joe Kennedy himself met with Giancana. Sinatra's youngest daughter Tina said because (Kennedy) knew dad had access to Sam Giancana, it would be in Jack Kennedy's best interest if his father did not make the contact directly…Dad was on an errand. Giancana agreed and said "It's a couple of phone calls." I have also read in other accounts that Giancana agreed only if Kennedy could keep his boys under control. His boys meaning John and Robert who had served on the Senate McClellan committee investigating organized crime in 1957. John Kennedy was elected in one of the closest elections in American history in 1960. Only 100,000 votes separated Kennedy and Nixon in the general election with Kennedy winning Illinois and Texas. This was another reason Kennedy chose Johnson as Vice President. Not only to balance the eastern liberal wing of the party with the southern conservative wing but because Johnson had used voter fraud in order to win his own senate race of 1948 by less than a hundred votes. Johnson acquired the nickname of "Landslide Lyndon" It was hoped that Johnson could secure Texas for Kennedy. Kennedy was Catholic and West Virginia was protestant. Help from the mob would be invaluable there using the United Mine Workers Union as a means of delivering votes for Kennedy. The day after Kennedy won he flew to Key Biscayne Florida to consult with Nixon. I believe that he knew that Nixon knew how he had won the election and wanted to find out if Nixon would challenge the results. An investigation of the election could get mighty messy. Nixon, unlike Gore in 2000, decided not to challenge the results because he did not want to drag the nation through the mud. Robert Kennedy was appointed Attorney General at the urging of Joe Kennedy. On December 19th, 1961 Joseph Kennedy suffered a stroke that left him a wheelchair bound invalid. He could no longer even speak. Joe was incapable of keeping his boys in line. Robert Kennedy began a ruthless campaign against the mob, including a campaign to indict Jimmy Hoffa. Tina Sinatra said that Giancana told her dad "That's not right. You know he owes me,' meaning Joe Kennedy, and dad, I think, said, 'No, I owe you. I asked for the favor.'" Giancana and other mobsters were recruited by the CIA to kill Castro and Kennedy and Giancana shared mistresses.
Joe Kennedy

Sam Giancana


  There were many threats made by mob figures against John Kennedy. The following is just two of many threats made against him. "Kennedy's not going to make it to the ((1964)) election -- he's going to be hit." -- Santo Trafficante, the top Florida mobster, to an FBI informer in August 1962.  Carlos Marcello, the head of the New Orleans mafia was overheard saying "You know what they say in Sicily: if you want to kill a dog, you don't cut off the tail, you cut off the head." -- He was explaining why President John Kennedy, not Attorney General Robert Kennedy, would be killed. He also said, I will make it look like a nut did it. It was alleged that Lee Harvey Oswald was recruited through his uncle, who worked for the Marcello organization. Oswald can be heard on tape telling reporters ."I’m just a patsy" I read Sam Giancana's autobiography. Giancana himself was murdered in 1975. In his book he said that using a patsy to carry out hits is a common practice in the mob. The mob of old would not kill an honest politician or a policeman because of the unwanted attention that it would bring to themselves. I have read accounts of where the mob has even killed other mobsters after they discovered that they were planning a hit on honest politicians and policemen. Giancana said that the attempted assassination of President Elect Franklin Roosevelt, in 1933, was not an attempt on Roosevelt. The real target was Chicago mayor Anton Cermak who was mortally wounded in the attack. Cermak was corrupt and had double crossed the mob. Giuseppe Zangara, an anarchist Italian immigrant assassinated Cermak. Marcello had been investigated by Robert Kennedy on the senate committee where he repeatedly invoked the 5th amendment as mobsters usually do unless they turn states evidence. The following is from Robert Caro's book (The Passage Of Power) about Lyndon Johnson.  Robert Kennedy was questioning Sam Giancana, who had also invoked the 5th. Kennedy would angrily ask questions pointing his finger, which looked more like a balled up fist. After a question Giancana replied "I decline to answer because I honestly believe my answer may tend to incriminate me". Kennedy answered "Would you tell us anything about any of your operations or will you just giggle every time I ask you a question?" Giancana answered "I decline to answer". Kennedy: "I thought only little girls giggled Mr. Giancana."  On another occasion he went after mobster Joseph Glimco. "And you defraud the Union?" Glimco: "I respectfully decline to answer." Kennedy : "You haven't got the guts to answer, have you, Mr. Glimco?" After the microphone was turned off Kennedy told one witness repeatedly "Your full of shit". He told mobster Joey Gallo in private "So your Joey Gallo, the Juke Box King. You don't look so tough. I'd like to fight you myself". Gallo replied that he didn't fight. It is no wonder that the mob hated him.  As Attorney General Robert Kennedy had Marcello deported as an illegal alien on April 4, 1961. He was arrested while making what he thought was a routine visit to the immigration authorities in New Orleans. Marcello was forcibly transported to Guatemala but after a few weeks in the jungle he found his way back to New Orleans and was furious. This was the straw that broke the camels back and prompted him to make the comment about cutting off the head of the dog. Edwin Guthman, an aide to Kennedy, said that he told him “I thought they would get one of us. I thought it would be me.” They would get Robert Kennedy five years later when he was shot after winning the California primary. I believe that this was another mob hit using the patsy Sirhan Sirhan. Robert Kennedy would have lived, I believe, if he had not run for president. The mob wasn't going to let that happen. This is why I believe Ted Kennedy never made a serious run for the White House. I can't help but believe that Lee Harvey Oswald's death was a mob hit by Jack Ruby to keep him quite. Jack Ruby was interviewed by reporters after he was granted a new trial and he said this "Everything pertaining to what's happening has never come to the surface. The world will never know the true facts, of what occurred, my motives. The people had , that had so much to gain and had such an ulterior motive for putting me in the position I'm in, will never let the true facts come above board to the world. Reporter : Are these people in very high positions Jack ?  Jack Ruby replied : Yes.
Robert and John on the McClellan committee

Carlos Marcello

Jimmy Hoffa

Jack Ruby supposedly died of cancer on January 3, 1967 before he could ever take the stand in his second trial. Every conspiracy theory about Kennedy cannot be proved beyond a reasonable doubt but the mob connection makes a whole lot of sense to me. When we realize that the Kennedy assassination might have been caused by the corruption of Joe Kennedy and his son John it makes the attempt to connect the political right and conservatism to the Kennedy assassination, even more insidious and evil.

  The myths created about Kennedy had a huge impact on the public after his death. The left romanticized the life of Kennedy. He was placed on a pedestal of martyrdom. I even fell into the trap for a while. Of course I was only thirteen when he died and I still had a lot of growing to do intellectually and otherwise. Many of the youth on the left bought into the Camelot myth and the assassination soured them on America. They rejected the conservative values of their parents and linked conservatism with the racist reactionary policies in the South and the nation as a whole. The irony of it all was that Kennedy was a conservative. He was a Cold Warrior and had a conservative view of the economy. Kennedy built the conventional army and special forces that would go on to fight in Vietnam. He spurred the longest period of economic growth in history prior to Reagan with his tax cuts. John, Robert  and their father Joe Kennedy were personal friends of Joseph McCarthy and supported his efforts at weeding out communists in government. As far as Civil Rights he was progressive for the time but probably not as progressive as Richard Nixon, who was a card carrying member of the NAACP. Most of Kennedy's court appointees were obstructionists on civil rights while it would be Eisenhower's court appointees such as Frank Johnson and Earl Warren who would be instrumental in advancing the cause of civil rights in the South. Kennedy and Nixon were personal friends and respected each other. Jackie once said about Nixon  “There is no one my husband admires more.” Kennedy had Martin Luther King wiretapped because he was afraid King was a communist. He wanted change for blacks in the South but at his pace. King knew this and he was constantly creating circumstances that forced Kennedy's hand. As a result events controlled Kennedy rather than Kennedy controlling events. The Kennedy of 1963 would have felt much more comfortable in the modern day Republican Party than as a present day Democrat. I feel sure that he would be horrified at the changes wrought by Obama over the last seven years.
Jack Ruby killing Oswald



  When the Republicans wanted to block the importation of Syrian refugees to the United States over terror concerns by a majority of the American people no less, Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton preached to us that this was not who we are. Joseph Kennedy would always preach to his family that it was not who you are but who people think you are that counts. Kennedy wasn't who we thought he was but he was capable of spurring the American people on to greater things. The following is from the speech that he made committing the United States to landing a man on the moon. "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to Earth." This speech was given on May 25th 1961 and America landed men on the moon by July 20th 1969. His inaugural address was one of the greatest speeches in American history and it nailed what our foreign policy should always be. Such inspiring words as the following: Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed. Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate. Now the trumpet summons us again--not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need--not as a call to battle, though embattled we are-- but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out, "rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation"--a struggle against the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease and war itself. In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility--I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it--and the glow from that fire can truly light the world. Finally the greatest line of all: And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country. I can't imagine a modern day Democrat saying these words.
Kennedy's Inaugural address


  This is who we were Barack and Hillary. America was a can do nation before the rise of the radical left. I grew up thinking that we could do anything that we set our mind to. Yes, I was taught that we were a flawed nation but we had the capability of rising above that and I was hopeful for the future. Actually the fundamental change of this country did not start under Obama. It began with the War on poverty of the Johnson years. The sexual revolution, and drug proliferation of the Hippie movement and the undermining of the Vietnam war by the radical anti-war movement. The combination of these things have led to a weakening of the nuclear family and a corresponding rise in crime. In the early 1960's 7 out of 10 black children and 9 out of 10 white children were born into a family where the parents were married. Today 7 out of 10 black children and 3 out of 10 white children are born out of wedlock. In addition to crime this situation causes a multitude of social and economic problems which raises our deficit. However it is these problems that create a permanent voting class for the Democratic Party. Frankly Barack I no longer know who we are. I don't recognize this country anymore. Thanks to you and your Alinskyite buddies all I see is a country divided by race, class, gender, and were twenty trillion dollars in debt.  In addition I see a country being invaded by foreigners unwilling to assimilate into American society and many who show outright hostility toward America. On top of everything the world no longer fears or respects us. I blame the lions share of this on the radical element of the Democratic Party and a Republican Party who has abandoned conservative principles in order to pander to the class of voters created by the Democrats. Not since Reagan have we been reminded of the greatness of the American people in the way Kennedy reminded us. I believe that there is still a silent majority out there that has that same vision of America. Hopefully we will elect a true conservative that will remind us again of who we are. 
Ted Cruz

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              


Monday, December 21, 2015

Andrew Jackson - American Superman


“I was born for a storm and a calm does not suit me.”
Andrew Jackson
 

  Andrew Jackson is one of those historical figures that I can't help but admire. This is how I view Nathan Bedford Forrest. If you judge Jackson from the moral standards of today he is very flawed. To be fair you have to take into account the period of history in which he was born. As a result we must try to arrive at a balanced view of him. Most American presidents have a long and varied political career before they became president or in the case of William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, Ulysses S. Grant and Dwight Eisenhower a long military career. Nobody has impacted the history of this country like Andrew Jackson. The only exception would be George Washington. Like Washington much of the impact that Jackson had on the country occurred before he became president. In Washington's case he literally started a world war. The French and Indian War which was a decisive victory of the British over the French. It would ultimately drive the French from North America and end much of the Indian attacks on the British that were inspired by the French. Britain would acquire additional territory from the French in America, including Canada. Washington made some crucial mistakes but would perform brilliantly in saving the survivors of Braddock's forces after they were ambushed by French and Indian's. He was absolutely essential in winning our independence in the American Revolution and by his presence at the Constitutional Convention. 

  Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaw's region of South Carolina, just three weeks after the death of his father. His parents were Irish immigrants that had only arrived in America two years earlier, along with Andrews two older brothers. Jackson received little schooling as a child. In 1780-1781 the British invaded South Carolina and Andrew, along with his brothers, joined the patriot cause and volunteered to fight the British. Andrew Jackson was only thirteen when he joined the militia. His oldest brother Hugh died of heat stroke after fighting in the Battle of Stono Ferry in 1779. In 1781, Jackson and his brother Robert were captured. After a battle near their home Andrew and his brother Robert hid in the house of their relative Thomas Crawford. British dragoons found the two of them and began to tear the house apart, destroying furniture and breaking windows. The boys hid in the living room until the British commander ordered Andrew to clean the mud from his boots. He refused by saying "Sir, I am a prisoner of war and claim to be treated as such." In a rage, the officer raised his sword and swung at Jackson's head. Andrew deflected the blow with his left hand. His wrist was cut to the bone and the sword struck him on his head leaving both physical and mental scars that would remain with Jackson for the rest of his life. Robert also refused the order and was sent staggering across the room by a blow from the officer's sword. Andrew and Robert were held prisoner at Camden, South Carolina. They were infected with smallpox and would have died  if it hadn't been for their mother Elizabeth who arranged a prisoner transfer. The patriots swapped thirteen British soldiers for seven American prisoners that included the two brothers. Andrew walked 40 miles back home to Waxhaw, with his mother and his dying brother at his side. Robert died two days after returning home. It would be several weeks before Andrew was well enough to leave his bed. After Andrew was well enough his mother Elizabeth traveled to Charleston in order to nurse American soldiers who were being held prisoner on British ships in Charleston harbor. There was a cholera epidemic on board ship and Elizabeth contracted the disease. Elizabeth Jackson died in November 1781. Andrew realized that his mother had died when relatives shipped some of her clothing to him. In his mind the British were responsible for the death of his immediate family with the exception of his father. The Jackson's already had an Irishmen's hatred of the British but Andrew would possess a violent hatred of them for the rest of his life. The movie the Patriot, starring Mel Gibson,  is a fairly accurate portrayal of the brutality of the British during this phase of the war.

  Jackson studied law and was admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1787. He travelled across the Appalachians to the the territory that would become Tennessee. Jackson became a prosecutor in the Nashville settlement. He would later set up a private practice meeting Rachel (Donelson) Robards, the daughter of John Donelson, who was an original leader, along with James Robertson, in the settlement of Nashville. The Donelson stockade was near the present Two Mile Pike and Gallatin Road. They fell madly in love but Rachel was in an abusive marriage. It was thought that her husband had been granted a divorce. A woman could not file for a divorce at that time. Rachel and Andrew would not find out until after they were supposedly married in Natchez Mississippi that her ex - husband had only filed for a divorce and had not been granted one. There is no evidence that they were actually married in Natchez but from that time on Rachel was labeled an adulterer. They would be married for sure in Nashville after her divorce was finalized. This issue would resurface at various times in Jackson's life. The gossip and insults against her would continue through the virulent presidential campaign of 1828 against John Quincy Adams. The insults would contribute to her fatal heart attack at the Hermitage in December 1828. In 1796, Jackson became the first man to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee. He declined to seek reelection and returned home in March 1797, Jackson was elected to the U.S. Senate but resigned a year later and was elected judge of Tennessee’s superior court. He was picked to head the state militia, a position he was holding when the War of 1812 began.
Rachel Jackson


  Jackson was involved in several duels over the years but they usually ended without anyone being hurt. In 1806 he would become involved in a dispute with Charles Dickinson who accused Jackson of not paying a horse bet, being a coward, and a bigamist. Being accused of bigamy was an attack on the honor of Rachel, which was unforgivable. A duel was arranged but Dickinson was an expert shot and Jackson wasn't. Jackson was six foot tall and only weighed 145 pounds. His thin frame would work to his advantage. In addition he wore a loose fitting dark blue frock coat. Dickinson fired first as planned. A witness described what happened next. A fleck of dust rose from Jackson's coat and his left hand clutched his chest. For an instant he thought himself dying, but, fighting for self-command, slowly he raised his pistol. Dickinson recoiled a step horror-stricken. "My God! Have I missed him?" Overton [Jackson's second] presented his pistol. "Back to the mark, sir!" Dickinson folded his arms. Jackson's spare frame straightened. He aimed... and fired. Dickinson swayed to the ground... [and later died]. [Jackson, too, was wounded, to the point where his left boot had filled with blood.] Jackson's surgeon found that Dickinson's aim had been perfectly true, but he had judged the position of Jackson's heart by the set of his coat, and Jackson wore his coats loosely on account of the excessive slenderness of his figure. He later said that he was determined to kill Dickinson even if he had been shot through the head. Jackson would carry Dickinson’s bullet in his body for the rest of his life.


  On September 4th 1813 Jackson was nearly killed in a gun fight in a Nashville tavern. It was because of a feud between Jackson and Thomas Hart Benton and his brother Jesse Benton. This feud would result from an earlier duel in which Jesse Benton had a duel with William Carroll who would eventually be elected governor of Tennessee. Jackson was Carroll’s second. Carroll and Benton both survived the duel. Thomas Hart Benton blamed Jackson for the duel and he made threats against him. Jackson promised to have revenge. On September 3, the Benton brothers arrived in Nashville and checked in to the City Hotel on the public square. The next morning Jackson, John Coffee, and Stockley Hays arrived at the Nashville Inn, which was usually their headquarters when in town. They were well armed and Jackson was carrying a riding whip. Jackson and Coffee went to the post-office, near the City Hotel. They crossed the Square and passed in front of the tavern where the Benton's were standing on the walk. Jackson and Coffee continued on the walk and as they reached the hotel Jesse stepped into the bar. Thomas Hart Benton was standing in the doorway of the hall that led to the rear porch overlooking the river. Jackson walked toward Thomas brandishing his whip. “Now, defend yourself you damned rascal!” Before he could draw his pistol Jackson’s gun was in his chest. Thomas Benton backed slowly through the hallway, Jackson following, step by step until they reached the porch, Thomas Benton could see his brother Jesse slip in behind Jackson, raise his pistol and shoot. Jackson fell forward firing his pistol. The bullet missed but Tom's coat was powder burned. Thomas Benton fired twice as Jackson was falling and Jesse lunged forward to shoot at him again. A bystander named James Sitler shielded Jackson as he lay on the ground while his left side was gushing blood.
Thomas Hart Benton

  
  John Coffee, who was a big man, walked through the smoke  firing his pistols at Thomas Benton over the heads of Jackson and Sitler. Coffee missed but was trying to club Benton with his empty pistol. Benton fell backward down a flight of stairs trying to get out of Coffee's way. Stockley Hays ran at Jesse Benton with a sword cane. The blade caught on one of Jesse's buttons, breaking the blade and preventing him from being killed. Jesse had a pistol left that was still loaded. Benton stuck the muzzle against Hays body after he came at him with a knife. Jesse pulled the trigger but the gun failed to fire. Two mattresses were soaked with blood from Jackson's wounds at the Nashville Inn. He was near death. The bullets shattered his left shoulder, cutting an artery, and a ball was lodged in the upper bone of the same arm. He was wounded both times by Jesse Benton’s pistol. Luckily, all of the doctors in Nashville were on hand trying to save Jackson's life. Thomas Hart Benton and his friends were standing outside the Inn shouting insults and challenging him to come out. Only one doctor wanted to save his arm. The rest were for amputation. Jackson settled the matter by weakly saying “I’ll keep my arm.” just before he lost consciousness.

  A few weeks later Jackson would lead the Tennessee Militia in a successful campaign against the Creek nation with his arm in a sling. Thomas Hart Benton would move to Missouri and become a powerful senator. Ironically he became a political ally and friend of Andrew Jackson after he became president. By 1831, one of Jesse Benton's bullets was moving and causing intense pain in his arm. Jackson thought about going to Philadelphia in order to have it removed but decided against it. In January 1832  Dr. Thomas Harris was brought to the White House to remove the bullet. There was no anesthesia available. Baring his arm and gritting his teeth he said "Go ahead." Harris made an incision, and when he squeezed his arm the bullet popped out. Jackson began to feel better immediately and there was evidence that he was suffering from lead poisoning. Sometime after having the bullet removed Jackson met with Thomas Hart Benton in the White House. Jackson offered the bullet to Benton. He told Jackson, "You keep it. You earned it. I have an affinity for the "bad ass" in American history and culture. In their own way, there were many bad asses. Washington, Andrew Jackson, Stonewall Jackson, Lee, Forrest, Grant, George H. Thomas, Sherman, Sheridan, Alvin York, and George S. Patton, just to name a few. Each of these men had different personalities. Some were boisterous like Patton and others were quiet and reserved like Grant and Thomas. However they all had an indefatigable will that some would call stubbornness and as Shelby Foote would call, four o'clock in the morning courage. No matter what time of day or condition they found themselves in they were absolutely fearless. I believe that America, in most cases, have been blessed for having these kind of people. This is in no way condoning any bad that they might have done.


  Jackson's contribution to America was his acquisition of the territory of Alabama and Mississippi by defeating the Creek Indians at the battle of Horseshoe Bend in March 1814. He beat the best troops in the British Army at the Battle of New Orleans with a rag tag army of Tennessee and Kentucky militia, pirates and free blacks on January 8th 1815. The British lost some 2,000 casualties assaulting Jackson's forces along with three generals and seven colonels. Jackson’s army lost less than 100 men in a span of about a half hour. The nation had little to cheer about during the War of 1812. We were lucky that we weren't defeated. Our capital had even been burned by the British. Jackson became a national hero overnight. The war seemed to solidify our place in the world and Britain began to take us seriously as a country. Especially after being so soundly defeated by Jackson. What many do not realize is that one of the objectives of the British army at New Orleans was to conquer the area that comprised the Louisiana Purchase area acquired by President Thomas Jefferson in 1803. If the British had won at New Orleans they would, at the very least, devastated the American economy by closing off New Orleans from American commerce. The British Navy could have locked up New Orleans tighter than a drum. The government tried to divert the attention of the English people from this disaster at New Orleans to the escape of Napoleon from the Island of Elba and his subsequent defeat at Waterloo in June 1815. British pamphleteer William Cobbett wrote, “Bonaparte had landed from Elba, and the battle of Waterloo soon succeeded. Both the Government and the people were glad to forget all about this unmerciful beating in America.” However this battle of New Orleans broke the heart of European despotism. The man who won it did, in that one act, more for the good and the honor of the human race than ever was done by any other man.”
Jackson Square In New Orleans


 Jackson was not through. In 1817 he invaded Spanish Florida on ambiguous orders from President James Monroe. The Seminoles attacked Jackson but this left their village vulnerable. Jackson burned their houses and crops. Letters were found that implied that the Spanish and British were assisting the Indians. If Spain and England were provoking the Indians to fight then Jackson argued that his actions were taken in self-defense. He captured Pensacola with little resistance and ousted the Spanish governor. Jackson tried and executed two British citizens, Robert Ambrister and Alexander Arbuthnot, who had been advising the Indians and supplying them. Jackson considered them spies. The Seminole tribes begin to fear "Sharp Knife" as word spread of Jackson's ruthlessness in battle. Because of his success the Monroe administration suggested that Spain should give up Florida. Because of Spain's weakness it signed the Adams-Onis treaty in which Florida was ceded to the United States for five million dollars and giving Spain everything west of Louisiana from Texas to California. Jackson would become the military governor of Florida and would serve from March 10, 1821 to December 31, 1821. Good or bad several things were accomplished by this treaty. Florida had been a refuge for escaped slaves. They were being adopted into the Seminole tribe and Jackson's enemies believed that his main motivation for invading Florida was to stop this flow of slaves to freedom. The French allied with the Indian tribes to fight against the British in the French and Indian War. The English allied with the Indians to fight against the Americans during the revolution. The Spanish were encouraging Indian raids into the Southern settlements. Nashville endured Indians attacks until 1795 and the massacre at Ft. Mims Alabama on August 30th 1813 started the Creek War. Jackson knew that removing the Spanish from Florida would go a long way toward securing the South from Indian attacks. During the War of 1812 not only the Spanish in the South but the English in the North from Canada and Detroit were encouraging Indian attacks on the Ohio country. The victory by William Henry Harrison over Tecumseh at the battle of the Thames and the treaty of Ghent, that ended the War of 1812, would pretty much end the Indian threat.  The Spanish were the last of the three European powers expelled from the area east of the Mississippi.  In three campaigns, the Creek War, the Battle of New Orleans and the invasion of Florida acquired the future states of Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida. Fifteen States would eventually evolve from the Louisiana Purchase. President James K. Polk secured Texas, the entire Southwest and California by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ending the Mexican War. He would also negotiate the acquisition of the Oregon territory from England. These two Tennesseans added more territory to the US than at anytime in American history.

  Andrew Jackson won the popular vote for the presidency three times in 1824, 1828, and 1832. Because Henry Clay gave his electoral votes over to John Quincy Adams in 1824, Jackson lost the election. He accused them of a "corrupt bargain" because Clay was appointed as Adams secretary of state. This cabinet position was seen as a stepping stone to the White House. Four years later, after one of the ugliest campaigns in American history, and which probably hastened the death of his beloved Rachel, Jackson won the presidency. Jackson's election was a turning point in American politics because he was the country's first frontier president. Nashville became the nerve center of national politics overnight and would remain so into the late 1840's after the presidency of James K. Polk, who was a protege of “Old Hickory”. Polk was nicknamed "Young Hickory". Because of Jackson's strong personality and leadership the pro - Jackson branch of party became known as the Democrats. The Democrats were known earlier as the Democrat - Republican Party. The anti-Jackson party (led by Daniel Webster and Henry Clay) were known as the Whig Party. Jackson did not hesitate to use his veto power as president. “King Andrew I became Jackson's nickname and the Whigs claimed to fight for individual liberty against the tyrant Jackson. Lincoln would identify with the Whig Party during this time. Eventually anti - slavery Democrats and Whigs would combine to form the Republican Party in 1854. The charter of the Bank of the United States was due to expire in 1832. Andrew Jackson and his supporters opposed the bank because they considered it to be a privileged institution and the enemy of everyday people; meanwhile, Webster and Clay led the fight in Congress for its recharter. A huge battle developed between the two parties over the bank. The recharter was vetoed by Jackson. In spite of the veto Jackson won reelection easily over Clay. He had more than 56 percent of the popular vote and five times more electoral votes.
The Hermitage

Spiral staircase


  Jackson was a states’ rights man all the way but he was a strong Unionist. He battled against Senator John C. Calhoun and the South Carolina legislature. In 1832 the federal tariffs passed in 1828 and 1832 were declared null and void by the South Carolina legislature. Their enforcement was prohibited within the state boundaries. Jackson tried to reduce the high tariffs because he also believed that they were high but at the same time he threatened to invade South Carolina with armed force if they did not enforce the law. South Carolina eventually backed down and Jackson was credited with saving the Union after he called South Carolina's bluff. During Jackson’s second term, he became the first president in American history to become the target of a presidential assassination attempt. He was leaving a memorial service for a congressman inside the U.S. Capitol on January 30, 1835, and a deranged house painter named Richard Lawrence stepped from the crowd and pointed a single-shot pistol at Jackson. When the gun failed to shoot,  Lawrence pulled out a second pistol and it also misfired. Totally in character Jackson attacked the would be assassin and repeatedly hit him with his cane. Bystanders,which included Davy Crockett, subdued Lawrence. He was of English birth and he believed he was an heir to the British throne. In his demented mind he believed that the US government owed him a huge amount of money. He was confined to institutions for the rest of his life after being declared insane. 
Assassination attempt on Jackson


  The most controversial act of Jackson's presidency was the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This gave him the power to negotiate treaties with tribes that resulted in their removal to territory west of the Mississippi River. He stood by as Georgia seized nine million acres inside the state, in violation of a Federal treaty. This land had been guaranteed to the Cherokee's. The Supreme Court ruled, in two different cases, that Georgia had no authority over the Cherokee lands. Supposedly Jackson said "John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it!" Jackson would not enforce these decisions and he negotiated a deal where the Cherokees would leave their land in return for territory that would become Oklahoma. This agreement would result in the Trail of Tears. An estimated 15,000 Cherokee Indians would be relocated and out of this number approximately 4,000 died of starvation, illness, and exposure. Martin Van Buren was hand picked by Jackson as his successor with an economy ready to fail. Jackson did not believe in paper money. This is ironic since Jackson's picture is on the twenty dollar bill. In Jackson's view the common man didn't benefit from it. Paper money allowed speculators to buy large parcels of land driving prices artificially high. Because of paper money he had suffered a huge loss himself. In July 1836 Jackson issued the Specie Circular which required payment in gold or silver for public lands. Banks began to fail because they couldn't meet the demand. The Panic of 1837 devastated the economy and Martin Van Buren, like Bush after Reagan, would became a one term president. I use this comparison because Jackson and Reagan were men of the people. They both had a special rapport with the American people and were very popular throughout both terms as president. The Panic of 1837 was a lot worse than anything Bush 41 would face. His recession was a mild one but was successfully exploited by Bill Clinton. William Henry Harrison, a war hero and a Whig, would win in 1840 but would die of pneumonia only one month after becoming president. Andrew Jackson was the first and only president to completely eradicate the national debt through a program called (Retrenchment and Economy). It can be argued that instead of shrinking the size of government it was expanded through the (Spoils System) which was a system of rewarding political supporters with patronage jobs. Jackson died at the Hermitage on June 8th 1845 at the age of 78, He suffered from chronic tuberculosis, dropsy, and heart failure. Jackson suffered from many health problems throughout his life such as malaria which he contracted in the swamps of Florida during the Seminole campaign. Dysentery which he also contracted in Florida during the Seminole campaign and he would have chronic abdominal pain for years which may have also been lead poisoning. It is believed however that the bullet from his duel with Dickinson was what eventually killed him. He was in good health until that duel and would be a semi-invalid for the rest of his life afterward. It was only his unbelievable will power and constitution that kept him alive. For the rest of his life he would have coughing fits in which he would cough up a bloody mucous and occasionally he would hemmorhage from his lungs. Doctors misdiagnosed this condition as tuberculosis but it was actually where the bullet from the duel had brought bone and clothing into his lung causing frequent abcesses.

Theodore Roosevelt visiting the tomb of Andrew Jackson

  One legacy of Jackson is that through his affinity and rapport with the common white man it would lead to a greater involvement and interest in government. Blacks, Indians, and women did not directly benefit from Jacksonian Democracy but it would be a step in the right direction toward the eventual enfranchisement of these classes. Jackson's Indian removal policy was bad and like so many of our early presidents he was a slave owner. However a balanced view has to be taken of his impact on American history. I don't know too many people who are willing to return the state of Florida to the Spanish or Alabama and Mississippi to the Creek Indian Tribe. Jackson also had a huge impact on the eventual acquisition and statehood of Texas. One can even argue that he preserved the 15 states that would eventually evolve from the Louisiana Purchase from England's dominance by his victory at New Orleans. New Orleans recently voted to remove four Confederate monuments. Three of the statues are of Lee, Beauregard, and Jefferson Davis. It stands to reason that the PC police will soon eradicate everything associated with the savior of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson. I just want to warn the PC police in America that they have their work cut out for them in regard to Jackson. 
Jackson statue in Lafayette Park

The following is an incomplete list of all things bearing the name of Andrew Jackson.


Andrew Jackson State Park, Lancaster County, South Carolina

Fort Jackson, South Carolina, the U.S. Army's largest training base

Hermitage, Pennsylvania (formerly Hickory Township), after his homestea

Hermitage, Tennessee, after his homestead

Hickory County, Missouri, after his nickname, "Old Hickory"

Jackson, Alabama

Jackson, Georgia

Jackson, Louisiana

Jackson, Michigan

Jackson, Mississippi

Jackson, Missouri

Jackson, New Hampshire

Jackson, New Jersey

Jackson, Ohio

Jackson, South Carolina

Jackson, Tennessee

Jackson County, Alabama

Jackson County, Arkansas

Jackson County, Colorado

Jackson County, Florida

Jackson County, Illinois

Jackson County, Indiana

Jackson County, Iowa

Jackson County, Kansas

Jackson County, Kentucky

Jackson Parish, Louisiana

Jackson County, Michigan

Jackson County, Mississippi

Jackson County, Missouri

Jackson County, North Carolina

Jackson County, Ohio

Jackson County, Oklahoma

Jackson County, Oregon

Jackson County, Tennessee

Jackson County, Texas

Jackson County, West Virginia

Jackson County, Wisconsin

Jackson Township, Indiana

Jackson Square in New Orleans, Louisiana

Jacksontown, Ohio in Licking County, Ohio

Jacksonville, Florida

Jacksonville, Illinois

Jacksonville, North Carolina

Mount Jackson, Virginia

Old Hickory, Tennessee, after his nickname

Old Hickory Lake and Dam, Tennessee

Many streets and avenues

Educational institutions
Jackson Memorial Hospital (Miami, Florida)
Andrew Jackson Elementary School (Old Hickory, Tennessee)
Andrew Jackson High School (South Carolina)
Andrew Jackson High School (Jacksonville, Florida)
Andrew Jackson High School (Cambria Heights, New York), Queens, New York City, New York
Miami Jackson High School, Miami, Florida
Andrew Jackson Language Academy, Chicago, Illinois
Andrew Jackson Middle School (Cross Lanes, West Virginia)
Andrew Jackson Middle School (South Carolina)
Andrew Jackson Middle School (Titusville, Florida)
Andrew Jackson Middle School (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
Andrew Jackson Fundamental Magnet High School, Chalmette, Louisiana
Andrew Jackson Academy, Forrestville, Maryland
Andrew Jackson Public School 24Q (Flushing, New York), Queens, New York City, New York