Thursday, January 29, 2015

Hellmira


  This picture shows a Union prison camp in upstate New York with Confederate prisoners lined up. The overcrowded Elmira camp, or (Hellmira) as the Rebels called it, held more than 12,000 prisoners during the war; 25 percent died (2,963) primarily from malnutrition, poor sanitation, and exposure to harsh winters.” This is only one of many Union POW camps in the North. Unless you are a serious student of the Civil War most people have not heard of these camps and the horrible conditions. Most people have heard about the the notorious Confederate camp at Andersonville where over 13.000 Union soldiers died from disease, starvation and cruelty. At least the South had some excuse because they were unable to care adequately for their own soldiers much less prisoners. The North had no excuse for their neglect and mistreatment of Southern prisoners. These prisoners died in the midst of plenty.

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

The Fire Bombing Of Dresden

The ruins of Dresden


War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is, the sooner it will be over.

War is the remedy that our enemies have chosen, and I say let us give them all they want.

I am tired and sick of war. Its glory is all moonshine. It is only those who have neither fired a shot nor heard the shrieks and groans of the wounded who cry aloud for blood, for vengeance, for desolation. War is hell.

William Tecumseh Sherman


  I begin this article with three quotes from W.T.Sherman to illustrate the fact that war is truly hell and there was no war in history more hellish than World War II. To America's credit we sacrificed many American lives in daylight bombing of Germany with a strategy of pinpoint bombing using the Norden bombsight. We sent in bombers unescorted by fighters until the P-51 came on line late in the war. This resulted in heavy American losses. Our goal was a dual one of taking out strategic German War industries like aircraft plants, ball bearing plants, and any plants producing war materials. Due to the brilliance of Albert Speer, Hitlers Minister of Armaments and War Production, German war production actually increased despite the bombings. Another reason America used pinpoint bombing was an attempt to avoid civilian casualties.

  The English on the other hand preferred area bombing at night over precision bombing. Sir Arthur Travers Harris aka (Bomber) Harris and (Butcher) Harris was the commander-in-chief of the Royal Air Force. This strategy was safer for British aircrews but it was hell on German civilians. Some could even say it was terror bombing because it was indiscriminate. In their defense Germany used area bombing on England, Rotterdam, Poland, Russia and other countries. For England the war was personal. Eventually America shifted it's priorities from bombing war munitions to the German oil and refining industry. This was much more effective and by 1944 and 45 the German war machine was experiencing critical oil shortages. By mid 1944 the german Air force was nearly destroyed with the advent of the American P-51. American airmen were suffering fewer casualties as a result. Late in the war American and English bombers firebombed the historic city of Dresden Germany.

  The following paragraph is from History.com. On the night of February 13, hundreds of RAF bombers descended on Dresden in two waves, dropping their lethal cargo indiscriminately over the city. The city’s air defenses were so weak that only six Lancaster bombers were shot down. By the morning, some 800 British bombers had dropped more than 1,400 tons of high-explosive bombs and more than 1,100 tons of incendiaries on Dresden, creating a great firestorm that destroyed most of the city and killed numerous civilians. Later that day, as survivors made their way out of the smoldering city, more than 300 U.S. bombers began bombing Dresden’s railways, bridges and transportation facilities, killing thousands more. On February 15, another 200 U.S. bombers continued their assault on the city’s infrastructure. All told, the bombers of the U.S. Eighth Air Force dropped more than 950 tons of high-explosive bombs and more than 290 tons of incendiaries on Dresden. Later, the Eighth Air Force would drop 2,800 more tons of bombs on Dresden in three other attacks before the war’s end.

  Historians cannot agree on how many civilians died at Dresden but anywhere from 40,000 to 130,000 people died in these bombings. No one will ever really know. The Americans tried pinpoint bombing of Japan but because of severe crosswinds they were forced to switch to firebombing which was probably even more destructive because most Japanese structures were made of paper and wood. The firebombing of Dresden was an attempt to force the war to a conclusion because of the desperate German resistance in the final months of the war. The book Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut is about the bombing of Dresden.
Dresden

Piles of dead Germans waiting to be cremated


The bodies of a mother and her children





Tuesday, January 20, 2015

American Badass

 Just after Christmas I was privileged to see Unbroken and Sunday night I saw American Sniper. Both movies are about bonafide Americans heroes. I haven't been affected by a movie in a long time quite like American Sniper. The end of the movie was overwhelming to me when it showed Kyle's funeral with the thousands of people lining the sidewalks and overpasses waving American flags. I nearly lost my composure at that point and could have easily blubbered like a little child. The audience just seemed to sit there in stunned silence when the movie was over. Maybe they were all like me, just trying to get themselves together. I am super proud that America can still produce a person like Chris Kyle.  
     

Sunday, January 18, 2015

Validation Of The Race Hustlers

Jesse Jackson with Martin Luther King on April 3, 1968

Al Sharpton with Tawana Brawley
 

  I can't think of two charlatans of any race in American history that have been more validated by the white liberal and government establishment than Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton. Their whole history has been based on corruption, fraud, racism and negativism. I can't think of anything positive that they have ever done. They both have the title of Reverend but to my knowledge have never pastored a church. The white press and liberal politicians have designated them as black leaders and to my knowledge the black community has never acknowledged them as their leaders It it this validation by the liberal establishment burdened with white guilt that gives them power that they are not entitled to. It has given them the power to shakedown and bully American corporations by threatening boycotts. Both men have become multi-millionaires by this method. By comparison Martin Luther King never made more than 10,000 dollars a year in his life and he gave his life at the young age of 39. King kept the lid on violence contrary to the belief of many whites. He worked for positive change using non-violent tactics and language. Jackson and Sharpton on the other hand have done nothing but incite violence and racial hatred. They have been wined and dined by powerful businessmen, politicians, and presidents. They never miss an opportunity stand in front of a news camera to incite racial hatred. In most cases the facts and events usually show them to be on the wrong side of the issue. In the case of Jesse Jackson he has been associated with known communists and criminal elements.

  It is not necessary to list their many sins but I want to relate to the reader several incidents in their early career that were a precursor of things to come. Jesse Jackson has claimed to have been in King's close inner circle of advisors but everyone close to King claims otherwise. Jackson claimed to have been with him the night he was shot on April 4, 1968 in Memphis. The following is from Discover the Networks. org.


Lies about Dr. King's Assassination


Jesse Jackson Sr. clashed with Martin Luther King Jr. on a number of occasions during the Sixties, and he has often overstated the closeness of his relationship to King—even claiming to have been the last person King spoke to after he had been mortally wounded by an assassin's bullet on April 4, 1968. Specifically, Jackson claimed that he was on the balcony with King immediately after the latter had been shot, and that he had cradled the dying civil-rights leader in his arms as he took his final breaths. But in fact, at the moment King was shot, Jackson was actually in a nearby parking lot talking to a group of musicians. Kenneth Timmerman describes what happened next:

  “When the shots rang out, he [Jackson] fled and hid behind the swimming pool area and reappeared 20-30 minutes later when the television cameras arrived on the scene. That’s when Jesse Jackson told other Southern Christian Leadership Conference staffers, ‘Don’t you talk to the press, whatever you do.’ ... Nobody had given him that job. He took that job. Call it ‘entrepreneurial instinct’ if you wish, but on the spot he realized that he had an opportunity to spin the events to create his own persona and create a possibility for him to become a leader in the black movement. He had no prospects at that point.”

  The next morning, Jackson flew to Chicago to make a guest appearance on the NBC Today Show. In the few hours that had passed between the King assassination and Jackson’s flight to the Windy City, Jackson had already hired a public-relations agent to accompany him as he was transported from interview to interview in a chauffeur-driven car. Before a national television audience on the Today Show, Jackson donned a shirt that he claimed was smeared with the dying Dr. King’s blood. “He died in my arms,” Jackson lied.

 The following case occurred early in Al Sharpton's career that should seem familiar to his shenanigans of late regarding the deaths of Michael Brown, and Trayvon Martin. In other words false charges being made that are eventually proven wrong but managing to stir up racial unrest in the process. The following is from Wikipedia regarding the supposed rape case of Tawana Brawley.

  On November 28, 1987, Tawana Brawley, who had been missing for four days from her home in Wappingers Falls, New York, was found seemingly unconscious and unresponsive, lying in a garbage bag several feet from an apartment where she had once lived. Her clothing was torn and burned, her body smeared with feces. She was taken to the emergency room, where the words "KKK", "nigger", and "bitch" were discovered written on her torso with a black substance described as charcoal.

 A detective from the Sheriff's Juvenile Aid Bureau, among others, was summoned to interview Brawley, but she remained unresponsive. The family requested a black officer, which the police department was able to provide. Brawley, described as having an "extremely spacey" look on her face, communicated with this officer with nods of the head, shrugs of the shoulder, and written notes. The interview lasted 20 minutes, during which she uttered only one word: "neon". Through gestures and writing, however, she indicated she had been raped repeatedly in a wooded area by three white men, at least one of whom, she claimed, was a police officer. A sexual assault kit was administered, and police began building a case. Brawley provided no names or descriptions of her assailants. She later told others that there had been no rape, only other kinds of sexual abuse. Forensic tests found no evidence that a sexual assault of any kind had occurred. There was no evidence of exposure to elements, which would have been expected in a victim held for several days in the woods at a time when the temperature dropped below freezing at night.

  Under the authority of New York State Attorney General Robert Abrams, a grand jury was called to hear evidence. On October 6, 1988, the grand jury released its 170-page report concluding Brawley had not been abducted, assaulted, raped and sodomized, as had been claimed by Brawley and her advisers. The report further concluded that the "unsworn public allegations against Dutchess County Assistant District Attorney Steven Pagones" were false and had no basis in fact. To issue the report, the grand jury heard from 180 witnesses, saw 250 exhibits and recorded more than 6,000 pages of testimony.

  In the decision, the grand jury noted many problems with Brawley's story. Among these were that the rape kit results did not indicate sexual assault. Additionally, despite her claim of having been held captive outdoors for days, Brawley was not suffering from hypothermia, was well-nourished, and appeared to have brushed her teeth recently. Despite her clothing being charred, there were no burns on her body. Although a shoe she was wearing was cut through, Brawley had no injuries to her foot. The racial epithets written on her were upside down, which led to suspicion that Brawley had written the words. Testimony from her schoolmates indicated she had attended a local party during the time of her supposed abduction. One witness claimed to have observed Brawley's climbing into the garbage bag. The feces on her body were identified as coming from her neighbor’s dog. Brawley never testified

 I firmly believe that Americans of all races at the grass roots level are capable of fair judgements regarding such controversial issues if only they were given the true facts by a fair and impartial media. This would be accomplished easier if the race hustlers like Jackson and Sharpton were suppressed. However in American society today this is nothing but a pipe dream.





Thursday, January 15, 2015

Hugo Lafayette Black And The Beginning Of The End Of Religious Freedom In America

  Recently a small town in North Carolina, was bullied into removing a military memorial to soldiers killed in Afghanistan because it depicted a kneeling soldier praying before a cross. A well established group called The Americans United for Separation of Church and State filed a lawsuit against the town of King North Carolina to remove the statue. After years of fighting this group in court and spending fifty million in legal fees the town leaders decided that they could no longer afford to spend anymore of the taxpayers money. They agreed to a two million dollar settlement of which only one million is covered by insurance. Most Americans do not realize the tremendous power given to the attorneys representing groups such as the Americans United for Separation of Church and State, the Southern Poverty Law Center, and the A.C.L.U. This power was an unintended consequence of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and a subsequent law passed since then. Before 1964 every individual that filed a lawsuit for any reason was responsible for his own legal fees. After 1964 if a Civil Rights violation could be proven in court the judges began reimbursing lower income persons their legal fees. This was called fee shifting. In 1975 the Supreme Court forced Congress to be more specific about the practice of fee shifting. Congress passed the Civil Rights Attorneys Fees Awards Act of 1976. This Act was originally intended to help the underprivileged who won their cases in court. Since that time the A.C.L.U. and similar groups have engineered the law to where their legal fees are reimbursed when they win a case. Because of this monetary power they are able to intimidate various townships and government entities into backing down in regard to their 1st Amendment right to display nativity scenes, plaques listing the Ten Commandments, and other religious symbols supported by the taxpayer.

  On August 11, 1921 a Catholic priest named James Coyle, in Birmingham Alabama, was approached by a young couple wanting to be married. They had tried to marry at a local Catholic church but couldn't locate a priest to marry them. The young girl wanting to be married was the daughter of a well known Methodist minister who earned extra money by helping young couples obtain marriage licenses and performing wedding ceremonies at the courthouse. His name was Edwin Stephenson and he was a virulent anti-Catholic bigot, racist and member of the Ku Klux Klan. His daughter Ruth was trying to marry a Spanish laborer who because of his dark skin was sometimes confused as a Negro. Father Coyle was unusually open-minded for a city as racist and anti-Catholic as Birmingham Alabama in 1921. Ruth had tried to become a Catholic a few years earlier but her staunchly Protestant father had put an end to that notion. Father Coyle, familiar with the girls father and his bigoted beliefs performed the wedding ceremony in spite of that. Hours later Stephenson and his wife found Father Coyle enjoying the evening sitting on his front porch in the cooling breezes. The couple had been searching frantically throughout Birmingham for their daughter thinking that the Catholics had kidnapped her. Coyle admitted that he had married Ruth to a man named Pedro Gussman. Stephensen shouted, "You have married her to that nigger". "You have treated me like a dirty dog". Coyle responded in an Irish rage telling Stephenson that he was "a heretical bastard".. After an exchange of more hot words Stephenson produced a pistol and blew out Father Coyles brains there in his front yard. 

  Stephenson was arrested and a brilliant young lawyer named Hugo Lafayette Black would represent him in court. Black was not a klansman at that time but he had their blessing. The judge in the trial, four of the five defense lawyers, the police chief and most of the jurors were Klansmen. Whenever Gussman was brought into court to testify Hugo Black would dim the lights in order to make the jury believe that he was a negro. Race and the Catholic religion were highly exploited by Black. In the end Black won an acquittal for Stephenson. Black went on to gain fame in klan circles for defending other clients like Edwin Stephenson. Less than a year after the Stephenson trial Hugo Black became a Klansman. Two years later he renounced his Klan membership because he had national ambitions. In 1926 he was elected to the United States Senate and more than a decade later Franklin Roosevelt appointed him to the United States Supreme Court. Believe it or not he gained a reputation as a liberal justice. However he showed his true colors and his Klan mindset when he wrote the majority opinion in 1947 for Everson vs. the Board of Education. This ruling would turn the 1st Amendment on it's head.

     Roe vs. Wade, like Everson vs. the Board of education are bad decisions by a sitting Supreme Court. Racism played a part in both decisions. Roe vs. Wade probably more indirectly because Margaret Sanger was the founder of Planned Parenthood and a confirmed racist and eugenicist  She addressed Klan rallies on several occasions. Like Roe vs. Wade, which granted unrestricted abortion through all nine months of pregnancy, Everson vs. the Board of Education forever perverted our view of the 1st Amendment. The township of Ewing New Jersey passed a resolution authorizing reimbursement to parents for the money they spent on public transportation getting their children back and forth to both public and Catholic schools beginning in 1941. A citizen named Arch Everson filed a lawsuit to stop the practice. He felt that his taxes were being used for private purposes and to support the Catholic Church which was a violation of both the New Jersey State constitution and the U.S. constitution. In reality this practice was right in line with the original meaning of the 1st Amendment. States were allowed to determine their own conduct of religious affairs without intervention from the Federal government. All courts until 1947 would have sided with the township of Ewing New Jersey and against Mr. Everson. A case can be built that Blacks opinion in Everson was based more on his anti-Catholic bias than any legal jurisprudence. Black would write that "The First Amendment has erected a wall between church and state. That wall must be kept high and impregnable. We could not approve the slightest breach". 

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The meaning of the 1st Amendment is very simple. There is the Establishment clause and the Exercise clause. The Founding Fathers did not want an established denomination like there had been in England and the colonies before the revolution. The states could have their own established denominations if they wanted to but Congress could not establish a national denomination. The Exercise clause meant that Congress could not suppress public religious expressions as it does now. It's role was to protect public religious expression. Black refers to Jefferson's letter to the Danbury Baptists in his ruling. Jefferson was in France when the 1st Amendment was passed and he was not talking about a wall between the government and it's citizens concerning the conduct of religion. He was talking about a wall between the Federal government and the states. If you read the full Danbury letter in context the reader will realize that the ministers who wrote the letter were happy that Jefferson was president. He had helped disestablish the Anglican church in Virginia as a state supported religion in 1776. Jefferson had fought for the right of religious expression for all Christians in the state of Virginia such as the Baptists, Presbyterians, Methodists, Catholics etc. The ministers were concerned that the Federal government might violate the the 1st Amendment. When Jefferson wrote his line about the "Wall of Separation" he was assuring them that the 1st Amendment would be upheld. Black only quoted the "Wall of Separation" sentence taking Jefferson totally out of context. Each state is allowed to conduct religious affairs as they and their citizens feel best without interference from the Federal government. In other words if the citizens want the Ten Commandments in their courthouses or religious symbols on government property they can have them. Nativity scenes on government property or memorials with religious themes would also be okay. All things religious are up to the the state and not the Federal government. The sad thing is that the A.C.L.U. and it's sister groups realize that Jefferson's interpretation of the constitution is correct. Their lawyers understand the original meaning of the constitution but they don't care because they incorrectly view the constitution as a living document that they can mold to their perverted thinking. Everson vs. the Board of Education is a perfect example of the modern court legislating from the bench. However this practice is really not new. Such court cases as Marbury vs. Madison, the Dred Scott decision, and Plessy vs. Ferguson were cases of a similar nature with varying negative consequences. What far too many members of our three branches of government over the years have failed to realize is that the Founding Fathers in their wisdom provided us with the means to make legitimate constitutional changes. It is called the amendment process. 
Hugo Black

Monday, January 12, 2015

War Trophies

  I can't think of a war more brutal than World War Two. The Germans in many ways were as brutal as the Japanese. The only difference was that the Germans treated Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, Slavic and Russian people worse than they treated captured British and American POW's. This was because the Germans considered the British of purer Aryan stock. Also Americans, with the exception of blacks and Jews were considered  higher racial stock. As a result British and American POW's  generally received the best treatment as German POW's. The Japanese on the other hand viewed the Americans as an inferior race and culture. The Germans captured 93,941 Americans during the war but only 1,121 or 1.1% died in captivity. The Japanese on the other hand captured 36,260 American's and 13,851 or 38.2% died in captivity. The Japanese were and still are one of the most racist people in the world. They not only saw the white European and Americans as an inferior race but they felt superior to their Asian neighbors as well. Such as the Chinese, Koreans, Filipino and pretty much every other race on earth. The atrocities by the Japanese against these people are well documented. In the (Rape of Nanking) the Japanese killed upward of  300,000 Chinese civilians and soldiers. Over a six week period Japanese soldiers made a game of throwing babies into the air and catching them on their bayonets. Sons were forced to rape their mothers and fathers their daughters. People were burned and buried alive. They were also beheaded, and shot. Just to name a few of the ways that they killed people. In the Philippines young girls were interrogated with sticks of dynamite sticking out of their vagina's. When the Japanese were through with them they blew them up. 

   In 1941 America was also a racist country. Our racism was well documented in how we treated blacks and after Pearl Harbor, Americans of Japanese descent. On the west coast they were sent to concentration camps. Naturally when two racist cultures clash there are going to be atrocities. This does not excuse or condone American excesses but it somewhat explains them. Of course every American wasn't racist but a great percentage were. The Americans were furious over the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Stories were circulating through the ranks about Japanese treatment of American soldiers on the Bataan Death March.The following is from a recruiting poster in the U.S.  

Open Season
No Limit
Japanese Hunting Season
Free Ammunition and Equipment!
With Pay
Join the United States Marines!

  On Guadalcanal and all subsequent battles against the Japanese their refusal to surrender enraged the Americans. They made a point of killing combat medics, which was a no no in the European Theater. Japanese would pretend to surrender and at the last minute pull the pin on a grenade killing Americans. Japanese would kill or torture wounded Americans. Both sides in many instances gave no quarter and asked for none. Many American soldiers began to make trophies out of Japanese body parts. They collected ears, noses, and skulls and made necklaces out of the ears. 

  The Japanese officers on the other hand were known to eat the body parts of American captives. On the island of Chi Chi Jima, which was near Iwo Jima Japanese officers were eating dinner and ran out of meat. An officer ordered a subordinate to dig up a grave of an American POW and bring back Kimo, or flesh. Especially the liver. At that time three American POW's had died and were buried on the island. Over time five more American airmen were captured. These same Japanese officers would kill them one at a time and eat their livers and hearts among other things. One particular American Navy flyer piloting a torpedo bomber, with a crew of three, was shot down trying to destroy a radio transmitter on the island. He ordered his crew to bail out after being struck by flak. Of the three crew members he was the only one to survive the crash. The young pilot luckily landed in the water off of Chi Chi Jima and not on the island. He inflated a life raft but the current was drawing him into range of Japanese soldiers waiting on shore to capture him. Just as it seemed all was lost an American submarine named the USS Finback surfaced near him. The moment of rescue was captured on black and white movie film. The young Navy pilot was future president George H. W. Bush. By the grace of God he escaped being the ninth American prisoner captured on Chi Chi Jima and becoming the meal of cannibalistic Japanese soldiers.  

Japanese Skulls

A severed Japanese head hanging from a tree
Moment of rescue

George H. W. Bush
         
George H.W. Bush

Sunday, January 11, 2015

Nancy Ann Morgan Hart

Nancy Hart capturing six British soldiers in her home
  Nancy Ann Morgan Hart was born in western North Carolina in 1735. Shortly after she was born her family moved to northeastern Georgia. She was married at a young age to Benjamin Hart who was a descendant of future Tennessean and Senator from Missouri named Thomas Hart Benton. Nancy's first cousin was Revolutionary War General Daniel Morgan. As an adult woman, by her own admission, she was homely. Nancy was severely scarred by smallpox and cross-eyed. However she was a hardy frontier woman standing six foot tall, which was not only tall for a man but extremely tall for a woman then. She was an excellent shot, feisty and hot headed. My kind of woman.

  When the Revolutionary War came to her neck of the woods Nancy was an ardent Whig and patriot. The indians had a name for her, "Wahatche" or "War Woman". She wanted to rid British sympathizers and Tories from the region. Hart would disguise herself as a man and infiltrate British encampments gathering information. She was thought to have fought in the battle of Kettle Creek on February 14, 1779. Six British soldiers descended on her home one night demanding food. Nancy sat them down and began to feed them. While they were eating she grabbed her rifle and made them her prisoner. When she turned them over to the militia she demanded that they be hung for stealing her food. This story was believed by some to be a myth until six skeletons over one hundred years old were found near her home in 1912. Nancy lived with her husband and eight children in Georgia until her husband died in the late 1790's. In 1803 her oldest son moved her and the family to Henderson County Kentucky. She would die there in 1830 at the age of 95. 

   On April 17, 1865, eight days after the surrender of Robert E. Lee, Union cavalry commander Colonel Oscar LaGrange came face to face with a sturdy band of women in line of battle named the Nancy Hart Militia, aka the Nancy Harts. Believe it or not the Nancy Hart's were defending LaGrange Georgia from Colonel LaGrange's army. The Nancy Hart militia had been organized in 1861 to protect the town. The women learned drill, ceremony, battle tactics and were excellent shots. They were led by Captain Nancy Morgan. The women were heavily armed when the cavalry arrived. The Nancy Hart's however were heavily outnumbered by the Union cavalry. A meeting was arranged between Captain Morgan and Colonel LaGrange. Due to the disparity in numbers Captain Morgan agreed to surrender the town. She charmed the Colonel into sparing the town from destruction. The women also acquired food for the Union Officers and provided medical care for wounded Union and Confederate soldiers that had been wounded in a nearby battle a couple of days earlier. Because of the Nancy Hart's Militia the Union Cavalry moved on to Macon saving the town from destruction. 
Captain Nancy Morgan

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

Masha Bruskina

 

  Most seventeen year old girls in America, unless they live in the hood, dodging drive-by shootings, have the usual mundane things on their mind. Things like high school, the prom, shopping, social media and hanging out with friends. Masha Bruskina was a seventeen year old Jewish girl in October 1941 who was fighting as a partisan in the Minsk resistance against occupying German forces. She worked as a volunteer hospital nurse to care for wounded members of the Red Army. Masha helped them escape by smuggling clothes and false identity papers into the hospital. A patient ratted her out to the Germans and she was arrested. She wrote the following letter to her mother on October 20, 1941.

  I am tormented by the thought that I have caused you great worry. Don't worry. Nothing bad has happened to me. I swear to you that you will have no further unpleasantness because of me. If you can, please send me my dress, my green blouse, and white socks. I want to be dressed decently when I leave here.

  The Germans decided to hang her in order to make a public example.They paraded her through the streets with two other members of the resistance. Sixteen year old Volodia Shcherbatsevich and a World War One veteran named Kiril Trus She wore a plaque around her neck which read, in both German and Russian, "We are partisans and have shot at German troops". Masha was hung on October 26, 1941. The Germans left their bodies hanging for three days before they were cut down and buried. The following is a personal account of her hanging.

  When they put her on the stool, the girl turned her face toward the fence. The executioners wanted her to stand with her face to the crowd, but she turned away and that was that. No matter how much they pushed her and tried to turn her, she remained standing with her back to the crowd. Only then did they kick away the stool from under her.










"Nuts"

Brigadier General Anthony McAuliffe


  On December 16th 1944 the Germans launched a last ditch offensive in the Ardennes Belgium that came to be known as the Battle of the Bulge. Hitlers goal was to capture the Belgian port of Antwerp and to drive a wedge between the British and American forces. The main thing that hindered the German's success was the American resistance at St. Vith on the northern shoulder of the bulge and Bastogne on the southern shoulder. Bastogne was strategic because it was a vital crossroad that had to be held. Eisenhower sent the 101st Airborne to Bastogne with orders to hold the town at all costs. The 101st had the right stuff. When told they were surrounded, one soldier replied "Those poor bastards". The following is an account of the response of General Anthony McAuliffe to a German surrender demand by Lt. General Harry Kinnard.

  We got into Bastogne late on the night of 18 December, 1944. We were not well equipped, having just gotten out of combat in Holland. We were particularly short of winter clothing and footwear. On the 21st of December we became completely surrounded by Germans and our field hospital was overrun by a German attack. We had put the hospital in what would normally have been a safe place, but no place is safe when you are completely surrounded. At this time, we were not able to receive air resupply because the weather was absolutely frightful. It was very, very cold and snowy. Visibility was often measured in yards. Our lack of winter gear was partially offset by the citizens of Bastogne who gave us blankets and white linens that we used for camouflage. While we were still surrounded, on the morning of December 22, a German surrender party, consisting of two officers and two NCOs, and carrying a white flag, approached our perimeter in the area of our Glider Regiment, the 327th. The party was taken to a nearby platoon command post. While the enlisted men were detained the officers were blind folded and taken to the command post of the 327th where they presented their surrender ultimatum. The ultimatum in essence said the 101st's position was hopeless and that if we elected not to surrender a lot of bad things would happen.

  The message was brought in to the Division Headquarters by Major Alvin Jones, the S-3, and Colonel Harper, the Regimental Commander. They brought the message to me, the G-3 and Paul Danahy, the G-2. My first reaction was that this was a German ruse, designed to get our men out of their fox holes. But be that as it might, we agreed that we needed to take the message up the line. We took it first to the acting Chief of Staff of the Division, Lt. Col. Ned Moore. With him, we took the message to the acting Division Commander General Tony McAuliffe. Moore told General McAuliffe that we had a German surrender ultimatum. The General's first reaction was that the Germans wanted to surrender to us. Col. Moore quickly disabused him of that notion and explained that the German's demanded our surrender. When McAuliffe heard that he laughed and said: "Us surrender? Aw, nuts!" the date was December 22nd, 1944.


To the U.S.A. Commander of the encircled town of Bastogne.

 The fortune of war is changing. This time the U.S.A. forces in and near Bastogne have been encircled by strong German armored units. More German armored units have crossed the river Our near Ortheuville, have taken Marche and reached St. Hubert by passing through Hompre-Sibret-Tillet. Libramont is in German hands.

 There is only one possibility to save the encircled U.S.A. troops from total annihilation: that is the honorable surrender of the encircled town. In order to think it over a term of two hours will be granted beginning with the presentation of this note.

If this proposal should be rejected one German Artillery Corps and six heavy A. A. Battalions are ready to annihilate the U.S.A. troops in and near Bastogne. The order for firing will be given immediately after this two hours' term.

All the serious civilian losses caused by this artillery fire would not correspond with the well known American humanity.

The German Commander.

  But then McAuliffe realized that some sort of reply was in order. He pondered for a few minutes and then told the staff, "Well I don't know what to tell them." He then asked the staff what they thought, and I spoke up, saying, "That first remark of yours would be hard to beat." McAuliffe said, "What do you mean?" I answered, "Sir, you said 'Nuts'." All members of the staff enthusiastically agreed, and McAuliffe decided to send that one word, "Nuts!" back to the Germans. McAuliffe then wrote down: "To the German Commander, "Nuts!" The American Commander."

  McAuliffe then asked Col. Harper to deliver the message to the Germans. Harper took the typed message back to the company command post where the two German officers were detained. Harper then told the Germans that he had the American commanders reply. The German captain then asked, "Is it written or verbal?" Harper responded that it was written and added, "I will place it in your hand."

  The German major then asked, "Is the reply negative or affirmative? If it is the latter I will negotiate further." At this time the Germans were acting in an arrogant and patronizing manner and Harper, who was starting to lose his temper, responded, "The reply is decidedly not affirmative." He then added that, "If you continue your foolish attack your losses will be tremendous." Harper then put the German officers in a jeep and took them back to where the German enlisted men were detained. He then said to the German captain, "If you don't know what 'Nuts' means, in plain English it is the same as 'Go to Hell'. And I'll tell you something else, if you continue to attack we will kill every gd German that tries to break into this city."

  The German major and captain saluted very stiffly. The captain said, "We will kill many Americans. This is war." Harper then responded, "On your way Bud," he then said, "and good luck to you." Harper later told me he always regretted wishing them good luck.


The 101st moving into Bastogne


Tuesday, January 6, 2015

The (Unbroken) String Of Idiots On The Political Left

Louis Zamperini and his wife


  On the Tuesday after Christmas I finally got to see the movie Unbroken about the legitimate American hero Louis Zamperini. If you have any doubt that the left has nothing but contempt for America and it's traditional values, then I suggest you read Dr. Sari Edelstein's movie review of Unbroken. Dr. Edelstein is a professor at the University of Massachusetts / Boston. Her areas of expertise are 19th Century American Literature and Culture; Women Writers; History of Journalism; Age Studies; Print Culture Studies; Feminist and get this, Queer Theory. Surprisingly whenever I would recommend the movie to people they would tell me that the movie has gotten bad reviews and they weren't planning to see it. Like The Passion of the Christ, I believe the bad reviews are coming because of the subject matter of the movie rather than any artistic shortcomings. In my opinion Passion of the Christ should have received Oscar's. So should Unbroken. The following are excerpts from Dr. Edelsteins review. The title of her article is the "The (Un) fortunate Timing Of Unbroken". Her review starts out innocent enough relating how Unbroken was the top grossing film on it's opening day which was Christmas. She then describes what the movie was about. After that her analysis of the movie goes straight down hill. The following is her words. I hate to put you through this but her words reveal the extent of her hatred for this country. Her hatred for Christianity and the traditional values that Louis Zamperini epitomised.

  "But the movie might better be described as a tale of relentless torture and trauma, as Zamperini endures ritualistic beatings, starvation and various other physical and emotional abuses. “Unbroken” is a masochistic movie-going experience, far from the feel-good fare one typically expects of the holiday season, but eerily resonant in a political climate dominated by news of abuses of power from local to international levels of American law enforcement. In one scene, Zamperini is forced to hold a wooden beam over his head, threatened that he will be shot if he drops it. The image of his gaunt torso and outstretched arms, reminiscent of a scene from “Twelve Years a Slave,” is blatantly Christ-like, and indeed, the film is very much a conversion narrative; Zamperini became devoutly Christian after his return to the United States".

  More than Christianity though, the film’s dominant ideology is American exceptionalism, or what Hollywood likes to call patriotism. Zamperini’s story — the rise from a hard-working Italian American family to Olympic track star to war hero — is a familiar narrative of individualist ascent. Indeed, Zamperini’s embrace of America is so complete that when given the chance to make a radio broadcast in exchange for food and an end to his abuse, he refuses to make anti-American announcements on the air. He is subsequently returned to the camp for even more intense torture.

  At the film’s conclusion, Zamperini kisses the ground when his plane finally lands on American soil. We are asked to feel relief that he has at long last returned to a humane state, a nation that fights against fascists and war criminals.

  But it is difficult to swallow this easy binary between American freedom and totalitarian abuses when the film’s release occurred just weeks after the disclosure of the Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA torture, which detailed the horrific techniques used against prisoners at the U.S. Detention Center in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The Senate report describes how prisoners are forced to stand for hours, deprived of sleep for days, and assaulted with harsh lights and loud music, along with other assaults to body and mind that are every bit as gruesome as those depicted in “Unbroken.”

 “You are enemies of Japan,” the Japanese guard known as “the Bird” repeatedly tells the POWs. The film works to demonize and orientalize “the Bird” as a pathological villain: his favored method of abuse is his bamboo cane, an implement that shores up his status as supremely Other. The characterization of “the Bird” fosters the underlying premise that he is a symbol of what we are fighting against in the name of freedom and democracy.

  Unlike Zamperini and his fellow military combatants, many of the prisoners at Guantanamo are not convicted enemies of the United States. Angelina Jolie, the film’s director, is a vocal opponent of the “enhanced interrogation techniques” that the Senate report details, so perhaps rather than view “Unbroken” as a saccharine love letter to America, we might consider it in the tradition of the American jeremiad, a sermon that laments the current state of society and calls for a return to intention and ideals.As families sit in multiplexes, white-knuckling it for the film’s relentless two hour duration, it behooves us to remember that torture is not the way of other countries or other times; it is in fact the American way now.  Zamperini may have been “unbroken,” but the closing credits note that he endured years of severe post-traumatic stress disorder. In other words, there were lasting and unspecified physical and emotional consequences for the torturous treatment he received. We might see “Unbroken” not merely as a celebration of one man’s spirit but as a reminder of how far we have fallen from our ideals, a call to be a nation that respects all human rights even and especially in times of war.

  This woman complains about torture but it is torture for any patriotic American to read this garbage. From a spiritual standpoint I can explain this woman's hostility to Christianity by Ephesians 6:12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places. Like a good leftist she see's nothing exceptional about this country. I imagine Louis Zamperini is not the first person to get off a boat or a plane and kiss the soil of America. Every time I returned to this country from abroad, no matter if I was only gone for two weeks, I felt like kissing the ground. It is funny but I don't know that many people busting down the doors of Japan, Russia, Venezuela or Zimbabwe or any other country in the world, like they do trying to get into America. I can't recall any other country that declared in writing that all men are created equal and endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights. Just by it's very existence this country has enriched the entire world.

  Yes I can tell you about the many atrocities that some Americans have committed against others over the years and yes they were horrible. Unbelievably Edelstein draws a moral equivalency with what the C.I.A. did to three Muslim extremists captured after September 11, and what the Japanese did to thousands of allied soldiers in World War Two. Hundreds of reporters have voluntarily been waterboarded just to see what it is like. I challenge any of those same reporters to go through just one hour of what Louis Zamperini went through. Japanese, German and Italian prisoners of war were treated in accordance with Geneva convention rules. The vast majority of prisoners left at the end of the war with positive feelings for America. Many Germans returned and settled here after the war. It is not necessary for me to go into a long drawn out argument to establish the fact that America is exceptional. Every real American knows that. It is self evident. It is also self evident that the religious conversion that Zamperini experienced was miraculous. God took a heart filled with hate and changed it to his glory. There were many Japanese like Commander Fuchida who led the attack on Pearl Harbor. Fuchida also experienced this miracle when he met a man who survived the horrors of the Bataan Death March. The man came back to Japan and preached the love of Jesus Christ to him. Fuchida became a lifelong Christian and a Baptist minister. As far as Sari Edelstein is concerned, there are none so blind as he who will not see.
Louie Zamperini

Zamperini checking battle damage on his B-24

Zamperini as a POW

From the movie Unbroken
The Bird

Zamperini's homecoming

Louie Zamperini

Louie with the flag that he stole from Hitler
Japanese POW's playing baseball in an Allied camp during the war
A typical room for German POW's in America

Sari Edelstein


My Plan For Hope and Change


Karl Marx

 

  Fortunately the economy is finally picking up steam. We are experiencing a growth rate of about 5%, which is pretty good. Of course more people have dropped out of the work force and are on food stamps that at any time in history. Normally I am of the opinion that presidents receive too much credit when the economy is good and too much blame when it is bad. There are exceptions to that rule. The Kennedy's tax cuts of the early 1960's spurred economic growth for the rest of the 1960's and into the early 1970's. Reagan's tax cuts, management of the money supply, and deregulation was responsible for the longest sustained period of economic growth in American history from the early 1980's until the beginning of George W. Bush's first term.as president. Bush forty-three's tax cuts spurred economic growth until the housing bubble burst in 2008. I have a layman's understanding of how the economy works and I am also a student of history. In no way however do I claim to be an economic expert. You know the old saying, opinions are like a_ _ holes, everybodies got one.

  My study of history has taught me that it shouldn't take six years to recover from a recession or a depression as it has taken the Obama administration. The New Deal provided relief for the poor but it's down side was that it prolonged the depression. World War Two brought us out of it. If it had not been for the war there is no telling how long the depression could have lasted. Obama's salvation, like the war for Roosevelt, has been the drop in oil prices. Like the New Deal Obama is supporting a lot of people on relief but these programs are a drag on the economy. Ronald Reagan faced the worst recession since the great depression. Even worse than the recession after the 2008 housing collapse. The real estate market was virtually dead when the prime interest rate rose to 21.5% by July 1982. The inflation rate soared to 13.5% by 1980. Some states reached unemployment rates of nearly 17%. Reagan's recession began in July 1981 and was over by November 1982.This was because Reagan had a four point plan to combat the recession. Cut the marginal tax rate and reduce spending. Business deregulation and management of the money supply.

 Reagan was successful in three of the four goals. He would have been successful in cutting the deficit but for the social spending of the Democratic Congress and the rise in military spending. The primary foreign policy goal of his administration was to defeat the Soviet Union in the Cold War. He knew as well as Gorbachev that the Soviet Union could not keep up with the military might of the United States and continue to feed it's people. He would see America finally win the Cold War but he would receive the lions share of the blame by the Democrats and their media for the rise in the deficit. Which was tiny compared to the rise in the deficit under Obama, which is now at eighteen trillion dollars and virtually ignored by the Democratic media. In addition I believe that every dollar spent on defense during those years was money well spent. It was an honor for me to serve in the military during those years under Reagan.

  For many years I have been an advocate of free market capitalism and the theories of Adam Smith. Smith was a teacher of moral philosophy besides being an economist. He believed that everyone great and small should be able to benefit from the capitalist system. For example a capitalist who establishes a monopoly could not call themselves a true capitalist because it would not be a moral act. This would also apply to a businessman who cheats his customers or is unfair to their workers. Not everyone has the talent to be a John D. Rockefeller, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnegie, Bill Gates or a Steve Jobs. All of us have a talent of some kind. Smith talked about the butcher, baker and brewer. How each had a need of the others products, which in turn was the "invisible hand" that drives an economy. Government does have a legitimate role. It is there to provide only enough regulation to prevent such things as monopolies. insider trading, illegal labor and business practices. Another role is the regulation of interstate commerce. Government should provide relief for people during legitimate emergencies like natural and man-made disasters or during times of economic recession or depression. Government is not there to provide perpetual relief to able-bodied people who are capable of working. It is not there to impede free market capitalism.

  Karl Marx believed that capitalism would implode on it's own. Marx believed that there were things that could be done to speed up the process. The most damaging thing would be a graduated income tax. This is arguably the worst thing to ever happen to this country. It was introduced in the Civil War as a means to pay for the war which targeted only 3% of the wealthiest Americans. The tax ended with the end of the war. The Income Tax Act of 1894 re-instituted the income tax and was correctly declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1895.This tax was overturned by the court case Pollock vs. Farmer's Loan and Trust Co. The income tax was considered a direct tax which was then prohibited by the US Constitution.

 Finally in 1913 the progressives were able to pass the Sixteenth Amendment which gave us a graduated income tax.doesn't it. They were able to sell it to the American people by telling them that it would only affect the wealthiest six percent of the American people. Sounds a little like Obama's promise,"You will get to keep your doctor's" doesn't it? World War Two spread the misery. The government taxed a larger portion of the American people in order to pay for the war. The very worst thing that ever happened was payroll deduction. Before the war people payed taxes in quarterly installments. Because of the demands of the war the government began payroll deduction and it now affected the middle class. It was no longer the rich being taxed. Because of payroll deduction Americans do not feel the pain of taxation. There would be a revolt if Americans had to write a check for the amount that they are being taxed each week. With payroll deduction they don't miss it quite as much. After the war the income tax was used to pay for the Cold War and entitlements. Now entitlements take up two thirds or more of government expenditures.. The bad thing about a graduated income tax is that both parties can punish who they want to and they can reward who they want to. This is why there will probably never be real tax reform. Both political parties do not want to relinquish their control of the taxpayer.

  The left is constantly talking about the greed of the wealthy and the capitalists. However the left never talks about the greed of big government. Government is responsible for poverty and always has been world wide. Try to imagine the U.S. economy as a 747 jumbo jet. When I flew to England in 1970, on my way to Turkey, the flight took about nine hours from New York to London. One year later when I returned to the U.S. it took only seven hours to fly from London to New York. On the way to London the plane was flying into a headwind on the way back it benefited from a tailwind.Things like high taxes, regulation, out of control spending, inflation and high oil prices are some of the things that slow an economy down. They are the headwinds. Low taxes, low inflation, deregulation, low oil prices, and low spending are the tailwinds that push the plane along. The impact of just the drop in oil prices on this economy should be proof to anyone, with half a brain, that tax cuts are good for the economy.

  Here is my plan for hope and change, Yes it is a pipe dream but here goes. Eliminate all capital gains taxes, inheritance taxes. and corporation taxes. You can't tax corporations. They either pass them on to the consumer as higher prices or they move to another country where they are cheaper. Remember Burger King? Get rid of our graduated income tax and replace it with a consumption tax or a flat tax. A sales tax is much more durable. When times are bad there are less people paying income tax because fewer people are working. With a sales tax people will continue to pay taxes even if they are out of work because they will continue buying everyday necessities. A flat tax is fairer. Nobody can be punished or rewarded. If the tax is twenty percent, rich and poor alike pay twenty percent of their income. Deregulate and remove bureaucracies that impede true free market capitalism and entrepreneurship. Cut out all unearned entitlements that enable and encourage a lifestyle of idleness and unproductive behavior that is passed on to generation after generation. Eliminate or diminish those programs that encourage single parent families. Two adults in a family and a male presence are the ingredients for less need of government assistance and a more stable family.. The bottom line to all this is that an empty refrigerator is the greatest motivator in the world. My plan would give that big old economic 747 a tailwind like it hasn't had in a long time.

The following are from the mind of Karl Marx. See if any of this stuff looks familiar.

  Marx believed that capitalism contained the seeds of its own destruction. He described how the wealth of the bourgeoisie depended on the work of the proletariat. Therefore, capitalism requires an underclass. But Marx predicted that the continued exploitation of this underclass would create great resentment. Eventually the proletariat would lead a revolution against the bourgeoisie. The final struggle would lead to the overthrow of capitalism and its supporters. Marx wrote that modern bourgeois society 'is like the sorcerer, who is no longer able to control the powers of the nether world whom he has called up by his spells.'

  Following the proletariats' defeat of capitalism, a new classless society would emerge based on the idea: 'from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs'. In such a society, land, industry, labour and wealth would be shared between all people. All people would have the right to an education, and class structures would disappear. Harmony would reign, and the state would simply 'wither away'.

1. Abolition of private property in land and application of all rents of land to public purpose.

2. A heavy progressive or graduated income tax.

3. Abolition of all rights of inheritance. 4. Confiscation of the property of all immigrants and rebels.

4. Confiscation of the property of all immigrants and rebels.

5. Centralization of credit in the hands of the state, by means of a national bank with state capital and an exclusive monopoly.

6. Centralization of the means of communication and transportation in the hands of the state.

7. Extension of factories and instruments of production owned by the state; the bringing into cultivation of waste lands, and the improvement of the soil generally in accordance with a common plan.

8. Equal obligation of all to work. Establishment of Industrial armies, especially for agriculture.

9. Combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries; gradual abolition of the distinction between town and country by a more equable distribution of the population over the country.

10. Free education for all children in government schools. Abolition of children's factory labor in its present form. Combination of education with industrial production, etc. etc.




























Monday, January 5, 2015

The Peoples Car

Ferdinand Porsche describing the new Volkswagen Beetle to Adolph Hitler
  Adolph Hitler was the epitome of evil. However he was responsible for two positive accomplishments. The interstate highway system and the Volkswagen beetle. I am reminded of two old sayings. A stopped clock is right twice a day and even a blind squirrel finds a nut every now and then. For many years only the wealthy could afford a car in Germany. Only top end cars like Mercedes or Porsche's were available to the German people. The average German was lucky if they could afford a motorcycle. Several people had tried to design a car for the people without success. That is until Ferdinand Porsche came along. Adolph Hitler and Porsche teamed up 1933 to build a Volkswagen or (car of the people). Hitler wanted a car that would seat two adults in the front seat and three children in the backseat. In his opinion the average German should have the same access to cars as the average American. Hitler also wanted a car that could reach a speed of at least 62 miles per hour. 

  The car would be sold at the price of 990 Reichsmarks or in 1930's value, 396 American dollars.  Which was the price of a small motorcycle. Other car designers tried to come up with a car as cheap as the Volkswagen but they were unable. The Volkswagen factory was owned by the state using Ferdinand Porsche's design, but with certain restrictions. Hitler wanted an air-cooled engine so nothing would freeze. The plan was for average German to have five dollars a week deducted from their paychecks to pay for their car. Because of the corruption of the Nazi regime and the corruption that occurs anytime that capitalists and government combine. Can you say crony capitalism?  The plan was financially unsound. Besides the Russians confiscated all of this money when they captured Berlin in 1945. However the world has continued to benefit from the collusion of Adolph Hitler and Ferdinand Porsche. 

Sunday, January 4, 2015

The Death of Elmer Elsworth

Elmer Ellsworth
 Elmer Ellsworth was born on April 11, 1837. in Malta New York. In 1854 he moved to Illinois where he eventually studied law in Chicago. By 1860 he was living in Springfield working for Abraham Lincoln. Ellsworth worked on Lincoln's campaign for president and became a close friend. He accompanied Lincoln to Washington in 1861. Ellsworth joined the Illinois militia in 1857 studying drill and military tactics. He admired the French Zouave soldiers from Algeria and was impressed by their fighting abilities. Ellsworth travelled to New York and helped raise the 11th  New York Infantry Regiment better known as the Fire Zouaves. They were raised from the New York area volunteer fire companies. Ellsworth returned to Washington as their Colonel.

  Alexandria Virginia sat across the river from Washington and each day when Ellsworth and Lincoln looked in that direction they could see a very large Confederate flag flying from the roof of the Marshall House Inn. Virginia seceded from the Union on May 23, 1861 and Ellsworth led his regiment into Alexandria on the 24th. He detached men to occupy the railway station while he took the rest of the men to secure the telegraph office. They turned a corner and saw the Marshall House Inn. Ellsworth immediately called for re-enforcements and continued on to the telegraph office. Suddenly he changed his mind and charged into the hotel. He felt that the flag was a mockery flying from the top of the building so close to Washington. Ellsworth took seven men to the top of the Marshall house to remove the flag. They ran into a man who was half-dressed looking as if he had just gotten out of bed. Ellsworth demanded to know why the flag was flying from the roof. Ellsworth, along with four men climbed the stairs to the roof and cut the flag down.

  When Ellsworth came down the stairs carrying the very large flag, the man he had run into earlier was pointing a shotgun at him. He was a staunch secessionist named James W. Jackson and the owner of the house. Jackson shot Ellsworth in the chest at close range killing him instantly. Corporal Francis Brownell killed Jackson by running him through with his bayonet.  Brownell was later awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions. Lincoln was so saddened by Ellsworth's death that he allowed his body to lie in state in the East Room of the White House. He became the first national hero of the Union and many men enlisted to the cry of "Remember Ellsworth". The 44th New York Infantry called itself the "Ellsworth Avengers". Ellsworth Michigan, Ellsworth Wisconsin and Ft. Ellsworth were named in his honor.         

The death of Ellsworth

Ellsworth's uniform coat

Corporal Brownell